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Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel
Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel
Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel

Green Steps

مقاله دکتر حسین امیری خامکانی

The sixth Five-Year Development Plan of the Islamic Republic of Iran is in final stages of its approval. It comes despite the fact that several provisions of the fourth and fifth development plans have yet to get off the ground. The fact that the country is already in the second decade of the 20-year Outlook Plan lends more urgency to full implementation of the provisions of development plans.

The unprecedented dependence of Iran's economy on oil and petrodollars, the increase in withdrawal and consumption of foreign currencies by the government – several times more than the stipulated annual figures – an increase in the government’s current expenditures, the unprecedented rise in inflation, failure of the national economy to secure the stipulated growth despite access to higher oil revenues, and failure to push unemployment into single digits and secure many other objectives of the development plans show the eighth and ninth governments' diversion from the requirements and goals of the Fifth Development Plan, the second five-year part of the 2025 Outlook. The fact that the goals of the Outlook Plan have drifted further out of reach is proof of such diversion.

Scourge of the routine

The drop in global oil prices in recent years has brought the goal of less reliance on oil revenues closer to reality, but things are still in a rut when it comes to various areas of the energy sector, which is a major pillar of the Iranian economy.

Despite off and on warnings by state officials that consumption of the forms of energy, including natural gas, gasoline, electricity, and water, should decrease and despite occasional crises in the provision of these energy forms, another responsibility of the government – to make optimal use of these energy forms a reality – remains unheeded.

Article 190 of the Fifth Development Plan requires all executive bodies and non-governmental public institutions, which are the biggest consumer of energy in the country, to adopt optimal consumption policies – in a bid to cut government expenditures – in order to implement a green management program which includes the management of the consumption of energy, water, raw materials and equipment, and a reduction in production of waste as well as more recycling in line with executive bylaws of 2011.

Action and implementation by government 

The Department of the Environment was required to draw up the so-called green management indexes by the third year of the Fifth Development Plan, which is already in the past, and communicate them to executive bodies and thus lend support to the implementation of the law on Reformation of Consumption Patterns. Just like several other responsibilities, this requirement has drawn little attention.

The website of Energy Today and the research-based Green Management and Renewable Energies monthly build on the knowledge of their editorial boards, staff members and of course their audience to allow Iranian society and experts to judge the plans and performance of the executive institutions and energy and environment sector officials, thus make it possible for them to contribute to the future of these sectors. This comes at a time when climate change has created problems for metropolises, especially the residents of the southwestern province of Khuzestan. It also comes as the Sixth Development Plan, which is a third quarter in the 20-year Outlook Plan, is on the verge of being ratified.