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IRAN Energy News Agency
Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel
Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel
Oil, Gas, Petrochemical and Energy Field Specialized Channel

Green Roofs

مقاله مهندس سیدکاظم وزیری هامانه

The need for measures to cut the national budget’s dependence on petrodollars, pay closer attention to decreasing energy intensity and upgrading productivity, and diversify the country’s energy basket are among issues which have fallen through the cracks over the past few years.  

The dramatic fall in oil prices coupled with limited exports of crude oil have brought murmurs in favor of cutting the reliance of the national economy on oil. Although this is a very important, legitimate call, a closer look at the issue brings to light numerous hurdles that stand in the way of developing the industry and interfere with the projects already underway, especially development of jointly-owned fields and the remaining phases of South Pars. A comprehensive, macro-level approach is needed to clear these hurdles.

Decreasing energy intensity and upgrading productivity in different sectors are among major challenges the country’s energy sector is faced with. Rationing and raising the prices of energy forms have been some of the attempts made already toward those goals, but they won’t be sustainable unless various forms of renewable energies take the place of hydrocarbons.

Of course, such replacement won’t work either, unless prices are raised to become proportional to international prices. That will make the energy sector economical, paving the way for the private sector to enter the field.  

 Legal unkindness

In the macro policies of the country in the energy sector, articles 1 and 4 of Section B refer to diversity of energy sources, construction of wind and solar power plants, etc.

Iran’s geographical position at between 25° and 40° north places it among top recipients of solar energy in the world. Every square meter of the country is estimated to receive more than 2,200 kWh of solar energy each year. In a vast country like Iran which registers around 300 sunny days a year, failure to tap into solar amounts to ingratitude, and inattention by the government and the public to this inexpensive energy form would not be forgivable.

 Promotion of culture to make better use of solar in construction   

The first priority in efforts to promote the culture of tapping into solar energy is to use it in construction and in supply of electricity, heat, and hot water to buildings. Detailed planning is needed to develop solar panels and encourage people to install them on their rooftops to change the way energy is used and consumed in households.

 Development of solar power plants

Development of solar power plants is another important approach. In the absence of public contribution, the same determination that led to the emergence of bi-fuel car engines should be tapped.  

Modern technology can be used to generate 100-300 Gigawatt hours of electricity in every square km of solar farms equipped with photovoltaic panels. That would be equal to what is generated annually at a 50 MW power plant that runs on fossil fuels.

In light of the fact that parliamentary committees are conducting studies and the full chamber has begun discussing next year’s budget, MPs, members of the Energy Committee of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in particular, are expected to include strong, binding energy terms in the spending package.